Briefing on Food & Drinks By-products
Animal by-products (ABPs) are animal carcases, parts of carcases or products of animal origin that are not intended for human consumption. This includes catering waste, used cooking oil, former foodstuffs, butcher and slaughterhouse waste, blood, feathers, wool, hides and skins, fallen stock, pet animals, zoo and circus animals, hunt trophies, manure, ova, embryos and semen.
Since 1 July 2003 in England, strict controls throughout the food and feed chains have governed the collection, transport, storage, handling, processing, use and disposal of animal by-products. The Regulation prohibits the disposal of most ABPs by burial (including landfill).
However, the regulations do allow fallen stock to be used in hunt kennels, knackers' yards, maggot farms and for feeding to birds of prey and reptiles.
1) High risk products that must be incinerated eg brain and spinal tissue
2) Potentially contaminated products that mst be rendered eg fallen stock, condemned meat and gut contents
3) Lower risk products that may be pasteurised eg catering waste, meat that has passed inspection and clean gut tissue